How To Treat Bruises

Fact Checked


  • Bruises are injuries to the soft tissue
  • It is an ‘area of discoloration’ on the skin
    Bruises are injuries to the soft tissue. It is an 'area of discoloration' on the skin
    Bruises are injuries to the soft tissue. It is an ‘area of discoloration’ on the skin
  • Other names – Hematoma, Contusion
  • Can last for days to several months


  • Sports Injuries
  • Accidents
  • Falls
  • Blows from objects/people
  • Chances increase if taking medications, like Aspirin


  • Subcutaneous-underneath the skin
  • Intramuscular – within the underlying muscles
  • Periosteal-bruise related to bone

Related Events

  • Small veins and capillaries under the skin breaks
  • Blood escapes and collects under skin
  • In the beginning, bruises look purplish or red
  • In 2 days, it may change to black or blue color
  • It changes to a green/yellow color in 5 days
  • Changes to a brown shade in 10-14 days
  • It further lightens and fades away
  • The changing colors indicates red cell metabolism


  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Discoloration


  • Most bruises vanish in 2 weeks time
  • No bandage required if skin is not broken
  • Keep bruised area raised
  • Apply cold compress, ½ hr to one hr at a time
  • Continue this for two days
  • Do not apply ice directly on skin
  • Can take pain killing medications, like acetaminophen
  • Avoid draining the bruise using needle
  • Avoid using the bruised part
  • For more serious injury consult a doctor
  • Consult also in case of spontaneous injury/infection


  • Teach children safety measures
  • Avoid falls around house
  • Wear seat belts while driving
  • Wear helmet while riding
  • While sporting, pad frequently- bruised areas

Related Video On Bruises

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