How To Treat Bruising

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Overview Of Bruises

  • Bruises occur when the soft tissue gets injured;
  • The area around the skin gets discolored;
  • Other names for bruising are Hematoma or a Contusion; and
  • It can last for a few days or even months.

Causes Of Bruises

  • Injuries  from sports;
  • Accidents, such as car accidents;
  • From falling;
  • A direct blow; and
  • Chances increase if taking pills, such as Aspirin.

Types Of Bruises

  • Subcutaneous which form beneath the skin.
  • Intramuscular – situated within the core muscles.
    Bruises occur when the soft tissue gets injured
    Bruises occur when the soft tissue gets injured
  • Periosteal- which is a bruise that affects the bone.

How Does A Bruise Progress

  • Tiny veins and vessels beneath the skin breaks;
  • Blood flows and collects beneath the skin;
  • Bruises initially will look red or purple;
  • Within 2 days it can change to blue or black;
  • After 5 days, it changes to a yellowish color;
  • 10 -14 days and it will change to a brownish color;
  • Eventually, it gets lighter and fades away; and
  • The changing colors signifies a red cell metabolism.

Symptoms Of Bruises

  • Pain.
  • Inflammation.
  • Changing of color.

Treatment Of Bruises

  • The majority of bruises disappear within 2 weeks.
  • No dressing is needed if the skin is not broken.
  • Keep the bruised region elevated.
  • Put cold compress on the area, about 30 minutes at a time.
  • Do this for about two days.
  • Never place ice directly on the bruised area.
  • You can use painkillers and pills.
  • Don’t drain the bruise by means of a needle.
  • Don’t use the bruised part – make sure it is rested.
  • For more severe injuries go see a doctor.
  • If an infection occurs, see your GP immediately.

Prevention Of Bruises

  • Teach kids proper safety procedures.
  • Try not to fall while working around the house.
  • Also put on your seat-belt when driving.
  • Always wear your helmet while driving your bike.
  • If you play sport, always wear protective gear.

Related Video On Bruises

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